Of the thousands of marine ornamental species traded in the burgeoning aquarium trade, less than 10 percent are bred in captivity. The undesirable practice of collecting marine ornamentals from the wild results in a high mortality rate of captured organisms, noticeable depletion of less abundant species, and furthermore, the destruction of coral reefs around the world. Aquaculture reduces the aquarium trade’s dependency on wild caught organisms

Left: Resplendent Angelfish male and Cherubfish female (parents). Right: Resplendent Cherubfish juvenile, 200 dph.

My Research

Fish Breeding, Larval Fish and more... Commercial propagation of marine ornamentals is not an easy task and is complicated by ...
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Wrasses and angelfish in a collecting bucket.

Collection vs Breeding

Culturing marine ornamentals is a lucrative and environmentally sound alternative to harvesting them from their reef habitat. Unfortunately, the practice ...
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Aquaculture complex at Bali Aquarich, Indonesia.

Basic Aquaculture Process

Raising marine ornamentals in captivity principally is providing the right nutrition and environment for: Adults to produce quality eggs (Broodtock ...
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Bumphead parrotfish (Scarus perrico) aggregate at dawn just before spawning on a reef in Palau.

Reef Fish Reproduction

Coral reefs are complex and extremely variable ecosystems. Reef fishes have evolved a fascinating and diverse reproductive biology to maximize ...
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Palette surgeonfish (Paracanthurus hepatus)

Captive-bred Species List

Marine ornamental culture has made considerable progress in recent years. About 330 marine ornamental fish species have been captive-bred as of 2017, ...
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A fish larva (example: longnose butterflyfish).


Definitions of special application to fish larvae adhesive egg - an egg which adheres on contact to substrate material or other ...
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