C. kleinii adult

Black-lipped Butterflyfish Breeding

Butterflyfishes are mostly small, conspicuously colorful reef fishes with deep, laterally compressed bodies and small mouths. The family comprises 130 species in 11 genera. They primarily feed on benthic invertebrates, especially coral polyps. The striking chromatic patterns make butterflyfishes very…

Ornate Wrasse Breeding

Wrasses are a large and diverse group of mostly brightly colored, carnivorous reef fishes, comprising 82 genera and over 600 species. They occur in tropical to semi-temperate waters worldwide but are mainly found on shallow coral reefs. They are typically…

Left: A pair of Fisher's Angelfish (male on bottom). Right: 72-day-old Fisher's Angelfish juveniles

Fisher’s Angelfish Breeding

The diminutive and brilliantly colored pygmy angels (genus Centropyge) are the most popular and heavily traded angelfishes in the aquarium hobby. The genus is the largest within the Pomacanthid family, comprising a total of 28 described species. Most of these…

Left: Resplendent Angelfish male and Cherubfish female (parents). Right: Resplendent Cherubfish juvenile, 200 dph.

Resplendent Cherubfish Breeding

Following the breeding success of the popular Hawaiian Resplendent Pygmy Angelfish (C. resplendens x C. fisheri), the work on Centropyge hybridization continues with the captive-breeding of the Resplendent Cherubfish. The parents of this unique fish are arguable considered the two…

Left: African Pygmy Angel (parents). Right: African Pygmy Angel juvenile, 190 dph.

African Pygmy Angelfish Breeding

 The African Flameback Pygmy angel (C. acanthops) is another beautiful angelfish belonging to the Xiphypops subgenus (C. fisheri, C. acanthops, C. argi, C. resplendens, C. aurantonotus, C. flavicauda). It occurs in the western Indian Ocean along the east coast of…

Left: A Cherubfish pair (female below male).  Right: 90-day-old juvenile Cherubfish

Cherubfish Breeding

The Cherubfish is common in the aquarium trade. The species is found in Florida, the Bahamas and throughout the Caribbean on reefs, rubble zones and mud/sand bottoms from 15 to 200 feet. It is most abundant at depths below 90…

Crosshatch Triggerfish Breeding

The triggerfishes belong to the Balistidae family, which includes about 40 species in 11 genera. They inhabit subtropical and tropical seas worldwide. They usually live on reefs and feed on benthic invertebrates, small fish, and sometimes algae. Triggerfish species play…

Left: A male Resplendent Angelfish and female Fisher's Angelfish pair. Right: 70-day-old juvenile Resplendent Fisher's hybrid Angelfish (just past metamorphosis)

Hawaiian Resplendent Angelfish Breeding

I’m really excited about this one. Centropyge hybrids sometimes occur naturally between certain species (Lemonpeel x Halfblack; Eibl’s x Halfblack; Lemonpeel x Eibl’s; Flame x Potter’s; Flame x Sheppard’s; Coral Beauty x Sheppard’s; Herald’s x Bicolor and Venusta x Multibarred) that…