Palette surgeonfish (Paracanthurus hepatus)

Captive-bred Species List

Marine ornamental culture has made considerable progress in recent years. About 330 marine ornamental fish species have been captive-bred as of 2017, up from 170 species in…Captive-bred Species List was last modified: March 13th, 2018 by frank baensch

Juvenile Centropyge interrupta reared in the laboratory.

Pygmy Angelfishes

The diminutive, hardy and brilliantly colored pygmy or dwarf angels (genus Centropyge) are the most heavily traded angelfishes in the aquarium hobby today. The genus is the…Pygmy Angelfishes was last modified: July 16th, 2018 by frank baensch

Bumphead parrotfish (Scarus perrico) aggregate at dawn just before spawning on a reef in Palau.

Reef Fish Reproduction

Coral reefs are complex and extremely variable ecosystems. Reef fishes have evolved a fascinating and diverse reproductive biology to maximize survival of their offspring in…Reef Fish Reproduction was last modified: May 11th, 2018 by frank baensch

Aquaculture complex at Bali Aquarich, Indonesia.

Basic Aquaculture Process

Raising marine ornamentals in captivity principally is providing the right nutrition and environment for: Adults to produce quality eggs (Broodtock Care). Larvae to survive (Larval…Basic Aquaculture Process was last modified: May 11th, 2018 by frank baensch

Wrasses and angelfish in a collecting bucket.

Collection vs Breeding

Culturing marine ornamentals is a lucrative and environmentally sound alternative to harvesting them from their reef habitat. Unfortunately, the practice still greatly lags the farming…Collection vs Breeding was last modified: May 11th, 2018 by frank baensch

Pygmy Angelfish Breeding

Broodstock Conditioning Breeding Potential The breeding potential of Centropyge is excellent. Not only are they small, hardy and easily paired but those species that adapt…Pygmy Angelfish Breeding was last modified: July 16th, 2018 by frank baensch

Centropyge loricula broodstock.

Pygmy Angelfish Captive Care

Suitable Species Most Centropyge species make great aquarium additions, some even to reef tanks. In my experience the Flame, Lemonpeel, Coral Beauty, Fisher’s, Shepard’s (C. shepardi) and…Pygmy Angelfish Captive Care was last modified: July 16th, 2018 by frank baensch

The pygmy angelfishes (genus Centropyge ) are the most popular and heavily traded of the marine angelfishes (family Pomacanthidae) in the aquarium trade today. The genus is the largest within the Pomacanthid family, comprising a total of 31 described species. This individual is a juvenile of 3 cm with adult coloration. Halmahera, Indonesia.

Pygmy Angelfish Biology

Distribution and Habitat Pygmy angelfishes inhabit the tropical and subtropical waters of the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic Ocean, with the majority (approximately 16) occurring in…Pygmy Angelfish Biology was last modified: July 16th, 2018 by frank baensch